In 2012 international adoptions accounted for 25% of all adoptions in the United States. China and Ethiopia were the highest incoming countries of origin. Recent changes in Russian policy has reduced inter-country adoptions. Texas, California, New York, Florida and Illinois imported the highest number of children. Florida had the highest number of outgoing American children to foreign countries.
International adoptions dropped 60% from 22,991 in 2004 to 8,668 in 2012. The average days to complete an adoption was longest for Mexico at 770 days and shortest for Panama at 53 days. The average cost for international adoption was over $10,000. South Africa had the highest average cost of $160,217 and Kenya, Ecuador, Sri Lanka had the lowest at $6,200.
About 70 percent of adoptions are by married couples hoping to expand their family and provide a permanent home for a child. Half were aged 1–4 years; 23% were aged 5 or more years; and 33% were male. 60% arrive with an IR-3 visa giving automatic U.S. citizenship to the adoptee upon entry into the U.S. Studies show slightly higher incidents of attention deficit disorder, depression, and conduct and behavioral and social problems.
The Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs, plays an active role in the inter-country adoption process and are dedicated to assisting parents as they seek to provide a home to orphans abroad. Guidelines are provided by a multilateral treaty signed by over 75 countries in the Hague, Netherlands, to strengthen protections for children, birthparents, and prospective adoptive parents in the adoption process. The treaty provides a framework for countries to work together to ensure that adoptions take place in the best interests of children and to prevent the abduction, sale, or trafficking of children in connection with inter-country adoption.
Judith Land | Adoption Detective | Adoption Statistics
朱迪思土地是这本书的作者采纳侦探 | 주디스 땅이 책 “입양 형사”의 저자이다
Джудит Земля является автором книги «Принятие детектив”